*Gallery in the End*
In the year 1162 between modern-day Mongolia and Siberia, a ruthless leader and great Conqueror was born. The king of kings a brutal barbarian and the founder of the largest connected land Empire the world has ever seen, his name – Genghis Khan. Genghis together with his sons and grandsons went to war on an immense scale and in only 25 years the Mongol army conquered more territory than the Romans had done in 400. By the time of his death in 1227, the Mongol Empire stretched from the Pacific Oceans to the Caspian Sea encompassing around 10 million square miles, the Empire was vast measuring the same size the African continent and larger than the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean islands combined. making Genghis Khan one of the most successful military commanders the world had ever known.
Born in 1162 to the name Temujin, he was the son of a local chieftain and was said to have been born clutching a blood clot – a sign from heaven that he would become a great warrior.
Temujin experienced grief and suffering from an early age with his father being poisoned by a rival tribe when he was only 9 years old. After his father’s death, the tribe abandoned Temujin and his family as Mongol tribes would only follow a strong and respected leader forcing them to survive in the harsh conditions of the steppes by themselves. It was during this time that Temujin killed his half-brother who had been accused of hoarding food while others starved, this allowed Temujin to gain control
over the tribe and soon he was leading it alongside his lifelong friend and blood brother Jim uka. 10 years later Temujin understood that his small tribe in the open grasslands of the steppes was weak and exposed, so he sought to bolster his numbers by marrying into a local tribe, he soon found ‘Borte’ – his first wife. not only did Temujin gain a loving companion but more importantly the fighting force that came with her. Temujin was not fated to have a peaceful life as it would not be long until adversity returned to him. The powerful market tribe came and raided his camp many in stealing Borte away. Temujin
and Jim uka managed to escape and made their way to the local carne who had fought a Temujin’s father, begging for help. The carne accepted their plea and soon Temujin was at the head of a massive fighting force. Shortly after he took swift and decisive action against those who wronged him, heading to the market camp in the mountains of northern Mongolia, he slaughtered the offending tribe taking his wife back in the
process. These cruel conditions Temujin faced in his earlier years, helped shape him into the fearce warlord he was to become and taught him not only how to deal with his enemies but also the value of forging friendships and alliances. As time progressed, the tribe became divided as the fundamental differences between the two leaders became apparent. Temujin valued talent wherever it came from whereas Jim uka thought only
those who had a noble birth should be respected. This led to a rift in the tribe and an eventual split with Jim uka now leading a clan of his own. It would be two years until the pair would meet again in which Jammu coos men slaughtered Temujin unprepared and
outnumbered tribe. The generals Jim uka captured also faced a gruesome death, being boiled alive. when Temujin found out what had happened, he was furious and it said from that day on, he would seek revenge and pledged never to be defeated again. In 1204, the two finally fought each other in a pitched battle which would be crucial for the
survival of the Mongol people and would determine Temujin’s position as commander. Tribesman were trained in both archery and horsemanship and when the battle began they used this to deadly effect. Bows were made from wood and animal bone and had a shooting range of 500 yards. The military ranking was also based on the idea of meritocracy, so it was in this battle that Temujin proved his military genius – He told each warrior to light five fires on the eve of the battle, so Jim uka scouts would report an immense fighting force striking fear into the heart of the enemy. As dawn broke, both armies advanced and when close enough, Temujin’s forces unleashed a barrage of arrows and used cavalry charges to demolish Jim uka’s army. He then feigned retreat with some of his squadrons, luring his foe into a planned ambush where they were promptly sorted. This led to a decisive victory over his former blood brother who fled from the battle. Jim uka was later betrayed by two of his generals and bought before Temujin, when he refused the second chance Temujin offered him, he was given an
honorable death and finally the mongols were unified under one leader. To honor
this great achievement, Temujin was granted a title of genghis khan in 1206 meaning universal leader. Genghis khan soon turned his attention to the vast chinese dynasties in the east, he knew that Emperor would never allow such a strong and unified Mongolia on his borders and so decided to take the first strike. Heading into China, the khan’s army plundered, raped and killed any who stood in their way until they reached the capital of the north, Zongdu now called Beijing. The city was one of the most advanced in the world. Sporting 40-foot high walls that were completely alien to the nomadic mongols. To get into the city, Genghis Khan used captured Chinese engineers to design
siege equipment and camped outside the walls, cutting off vital supply lines. This lasted for so long that the Chinese began to starve to death by the thousands many turning to cannibalism. when the mongols went to take the city, they met reduced resistance and were able to take it with relative ease. This led to a month of plunder and destruction, that enhanced Genghis khan’s reputation as a bloodthirsty murderer and brought the mongol empire to new height. His army continued west after the conquest managing to reach eastern europe showing little sign of slowing down. Genghis Khan died in 1227 during his final conquest into China. According to the secret history his last words
were, “I have conquered for you a large empire, but my life was too short to take the whole world, that I leave to you”. He appointed his son Ogedei as his successor, in the hopes that he could complete the divine mission. Genghis khan was buried in an unmarked grave with all those who arranged the funeral apparently executed in order to keep the location a secret. Genghis khan left a remarkable legacy not only in blood and
warfare but also in his descendants as he took the most beautiful women as prizes from every conquest naturally he had many children, so many in fact that recent study suggests that one in every 200 people living today are directly descended from him.
under Genghis Khan’s rule, there also developed a complex and sophisticated Society which paved the way for modern-day civilization. The Mongols disregarded race, ethnicity, and class creating a society based on meritocracy – where individuals were rewarded on ability and talent above all other things. They also practice religious tolerance, allowing the Mongol Empire to become one of the most diverse in history. In an attempt to unify the feuding tribes of Mongolia, Genghis Khan gave land to each tribe and established a legal system where he laid out uniform punishments so as to create a combined society that abided by the same laws. He also forbade the enslavement of any
mongol helping to solidify equality for all citizens. He also offered protection for the merchants travelling across his empire leading to the reestablishment of the legendary Silk Road that enabled the transportation of goods and technology from east to west, this path was so valued and well protected it was said that a man could walk from one end of
the Mongol Empire to the other with a gold plate on his head and never be attacked. This also enabled the spread of Chinese cultural ideas to the growing civilizations in Europe. Trade surged a new technology such as paper, gunpowder, and the compass made its way to the west. igniting the Renaissance just a few generations later. while there is no
doubt that Genghis Khan was a cunning and ruthless warlord it is debatable whether he was just an evil barbarian or managed to benefit the world in some way. while there is truth to the idea that he was a genocide or maniac. He also created a diverse and equal society under which the trade of both technology and culture flourished in this way Genghis Khan started an empire that had a wide and long lasting impact on civilization in both the east and the west. The repercussions of which could still be felt today…
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